W. Geoffrey Wright

Program Director
Health and Rehabilitation Sciences
1301 Cecil B. Moore


After receiving a B.S. in Aerospace Engineering from Virginia Tech, Dr. Wright spent 4 years as an officer in the USAF doing satellite engineering and operations. He then redirected his interests from hardware-in-space to humans-in-space in graduate school. His masters research (Experimental Psychology, Northeastern University) and Ph.D. research (Cognitive Neuroscience, Brandeis University) focused on human perception of spatial orientation with support from NASA and the DoD. During his post-doctoral training in Munich, Germany and at Oregon Health and Science University in Portland, OR, he began working with various patient populations, including stroke, Parkinson's disease, vestibular loss, and neuropathy. He has investigated motor control, gait and balance, and perceptuo-motor disorders in both healthy and neurologically impaired individuals.

Dr. Wright's research goals at Temple are to continue studying the central nervous system in individuals with impairment to motor control, balance, and gait, with the intention of applying knowledge about sensorimotor integration to shaping rehabilitation therapy. He is currently funded by the Congressionally Directed Medical Research Program (US Army Rapid Innovation Fund) to validate a device his team designed for assessing postural deficits in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) using virtual environments (VE) to manipulate visual input. He is also continuing research that has been funded by the Veterans Administration to investigate the neuromuscular origins of hypertonia in Parkinson's Disease using postural control and functional MRI prodecures.


  • PhD, Cognitive Neuroscience, Brandeis University 
  • MA, Experimental Psychology, Northeastern University 
  • BS, Aerospace Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute 

Curriculum Vitae 

Courses Taught




NMS 9627

Neuromotor Science 3: Cognition and Learning


NMS 9654

Neuromotor Science: Laboratory Rotation and Seminar


HRPR 5999

Research Experience in Health Professions


PHTH 8114



Selected Publications

  • Ma, L., Marshall, P.J., & Wright, W.G. (2023). The order of attentional focus instructions affects how postural control processes compensate for multisensory mismatch: a crossover study. Exp Brain Res, 241(5), pp. 1393-1409. Germany. doi: 10.1007/s00221-023-06610-z

  • Ma, L., Marshall, P.J., & Wright, W.G. (2022). The impact of external and internal focus of attention on visual dependence and EEG alpha oscillations during postural control. J Neuroeng Rehabil, 19(1), p. 81. England. doi: 10.1186/s12984-022-01059-7

  • Wright, W.G., Handy, J.D., Haskell, A., Servatius, L., & Servatius, R.J. (2022). History of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Affects Static Balance under Complex Multisensory Manipulations. J Neurotrauma, 39(11-12), pp. 821-828. United States. doi: 10.1089/neu.2020.7600

  • Cheever, K., McDevit, J., Wright, W.G., & Tierney, R. (2021). Differences in cervical kinesthesia between amateur athletes with and without a history of contact sport participation. Brain Inj, 35(4), pp. 404-410. England. doi: 10.1080/02699052.2021.1878551

  • Almajid, R., Tucker, C., Keshner, E., Vasudevan, E., & Wright, W.G. (2021). Effects of wearing a head-mounted display during a standard clinical test of dynamic balance. Gait Posture, 85, pp. 78-83. England. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2021.01.020

  • Cheever, K.M., Wright, W.G., McDevitt, J., Sitler, M., & Tierney, R.T. (2021). Exploring the relationship between musculoskeletal injury and clinical outcome measures of cervical sensorimotor function. International Journal of Athletic Therapy and Training, 26(5), pp. 262-268. doi: 10.1123/ijatt.2020-0033

  • Krasovsky, T., Lubetzky, A.V., Archambault, P.S., & Wright, W.G. (2020). Will virtual rehabilitation replace clinicians: a contemporary debate about technological versus human obsolescence. J Neuroeng Rehabil, 17(1), p. 163. England. doi: 10.1186/s12984-020-00769-0

  • Ojha, H.A., Fritz, J.M., Malitsky, A.L., Wu, J., Weiner, M.G., Brandi, J.A., Rhon, D.I., Mobo, B.H.P., Fleming, K.M., Beidleman, R.R., & Wright, W.G. (2020). Comparison of Physical Therapy and Physician Pathways for Employees with Recent Onset Musculoskeletal Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial. PM R, 12(11), pp. 1071-1080. United States. doi: 10.1002/pmrj.12382

  • Handy, J.D., Wright, W.G., Haskell, A., Servatius, L., & Servatius, R.J. (2020). Enhanced Acquisition and Retention of Conditioned Eyeblink Responses in Veterans Expressing PTSD Symptoms: Modulation by Lifetime History of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Front Behav Neurosci, 14, p. 595007. Switzerland. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2020.595007

  • Almajid, R., Tucker, C., Wright, W.G., Vasudevan, E., & Keshner, E. (2020). Visual dependence affects the motor behavior of older adults during the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test. Arch Gerontol Geriatr, 87, p. 104004. Netherlands. doi: 10.1016/j.archger.2019.104004

  • Marchetto, J. & Wright, W.G. (2019). The Validity of an Oculus Rift to Assess Postural Changes During Balance Tasks. Hum Factors, 61(8), pp. 1340-1352. United States. doi: 10.1177/0018720819835088

  • Appiah-Kubi, K.O. & Wright, W.G. (2019). Vestibular training promotes adaptation of multisensory integration in postural control. Gait Posture, 73, pp. 215-220. England. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2019.07.197

  • Ma, L., Tornetta, F., Egan, W., & Wright, W.G. (2019). Virtual reality therapy as adjunct to traditional physical therapy for a TBI patient who suffered a gunshot wound to the head: Case report. International Conference on Virtual Rehabilitation, ICVR, 2019-July. doi: 10.1109/ICVR46560.2019.8994509

  • Agresta, C., Ward, C.R., Wright, W.G., & Tucker, C.A. (2018). The effect of unilateral arm swing motion on lower extremity running mechanics associated with injury risk. Sports Biomech, 17(2), pp. 206-215. England. doi: 10.1080/14763141.2016.1269186

  • Wright, W.G., Handy, J.D., Avcu, P., Ortiz, A., Haran, F.J., Doria, M., & Servatius, R.J. (2018). Healthy Active Duty Military with Lifetime Experience of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Exhibits Subtle Deficits in Sensory Reactivity and Sensory Integration During Static Balance. Mil Med, 183(suppl_1), pp. 313-320. England. doi: 10.1093/milmed/usx182

  • Kuznetsov, N.A., Robins, R.K., Long, B., Jakiela, J.T., Haran, F.J., Ross, S.E., Wright, W.G., & Rhea, C.K. (2018). Validity and reliability of smartphone orientation measurement to quantify dynamic balance function. Physiol Meas, 39(2), p. 02NT01. England. doi: 10.1088/1361-6579/aaa3c2

  • Cheever, K.M., McDevitt, J., Tierney, R., & Wright, W.G. (2018). Concussion Recovery Phase Affects Vestibular and Oculomotor Symptom Provocation. Int J Sports Med, 39(2), pp. 141-147. Germany. doi: 10.1055/s-0043-118339

  • Rhea, C.K., Kuznetsov, N.A., Wright, W.G., Haran, F.J., Ross, S.E., & Duckworth, J.L. (2018). Assessments for quantifying neuromotor functioning after repetitive blast exposure. In Neuromethods, 139 (pp. 283-305). doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-8564-7_18

  • Thompson, E., Agada, P., Wright, W.G., Reimann, H., & Jeka, J. (2017). Spatiotemporal gait changes with use of an arm swing cueing device in people with Parkinson's disease. Gait Posture, 58, pp. 46-51. England. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2017.07.001

  • Almajid, R., Keshner, E., Wright, W.G., Tucker, C., & Vasudevan, E. (2017). Effect of visual dependence and task loads on the TUG sub-components in old and young adults. International Conference on Virtual Rehabilitation, ICVR, 2017-June. doi: 10.1109/ICVR.2017.8007531

  • Robins, R.K., Teodoro, G., & Wright, W.G. (2017). Head and neck position sense using a memory-driven joint position matching study. International Conference on Virtual Rehabilitation, ICVR, 2017-June. doi: 10.1109/ICVR.2017.8007503

  • Wright, W.G., McDevitt, J., Tierney, R., Haran, F.J., Appiah-Kubi, K.O., & Dumont, A. (2017). Assessing subacute mild traumatic brain injury with a portable virtual reality balance device. Disabil Rehabil, 39(15), pp. 1564-1572. England. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2016.1226432

  • Rhea, C.K., Kuznetsov, N.A., Ross, S.E., Long, B., Jakiela, J.T., Bailie, J.M., Yanagi, M.A., Haran, F.J., Wright, W.G., Robins, R.K., Sargent, P.D., & Duckworth, J.L. (2017). Development of a Portable Tool for Screening Neuromotor Sequelae From Repetitive Low-Level Blast Exposure. Mil Med, 182(S1), pp. 147-154. England. doi: 10.7205/MILMED-D-16-00140

  • Dale, M.L., Horak, F.B., Wright, W.G., Schoneburg, B.M., Nutt, J.G., & Mancini, M. (2017). Impaired perception of surface tilt in progressive supranuclear palsy. PLoS One, 12(3), p. e0173351. United States. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0173351

  • Wright, W.G., Tierney, R.T., & McDevitt, J. (2017). Visual-vestibular processing deficits in mild traumatic brain injury. J Vestib Res, 27(1), pp. 27-37. Netherlands. doi: 10.3233/VES-170607

  • McDevitt, J., Appiah-Kubi, K.O., Tierney, R., & Wright, W.G. (2016). Vestibular and Oculomotor Assessments May Increase Accuracy of Subacute Concussion Assessment. Int J Sports Med, 37(9), pp. 738-747. Germany. doi: 10.1055/s-0042-100470

  • Haran, F.J., Slaboda, J.C., King, L.A., Wright, W.G., Houlihan, D., & Norris, J.N. (2016). Sensitivity of the Balance Error Scoring System and the Sensory Organization Test in the Combat Environment. J Neurotrauma, 33(7), pp. 705-711. United States. doi: 10.1089/neu.2015.4060

  • Wright, W.G., McDevitt, J., & Appiah-Kubi, K.O. (2015). A portable virtual reality balance device to assess mild traumatic brain injury symptoms: A pilot validation study. International Conference on Virtual Rehabilitation, ICVR, pp. 72-79. doi: 10.1109/ICVR.2015.7358591

  • Deutsch, J.E., Wright, W.G., & Weiss, P.L. (2015). Message from the program co-chairs. International Conference on Virtual Rehabilitation, ICVR. doi: 10.1109/ICVR.2015.7358636

  • Rhea, C.K., Kiefer, A.W., Wright, W.G., Raisbeck, L.D., & Haran, F.J. (2015). Interpretation of postural control may change due to data processing techniques. Gait Posture, 41(2), pp. 731-735. England. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2015.01.008

  • Rhea, C.K., Kiefer, A.W., Wittstein, M.W., Leonard, K.B., MacPherson, R.P., Wright, W.G., & Haran, F.J. (2014). Fractal gait patterns are retained after entrainment to a fractal stimulus. PLoS One, 9(9), p. e106755. United States. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0106755

  • Keck, J., Hsiao, C.Y., Lin, B.S., Chan, M.H., & Wright, W. (2014). Spatiotemporal landslide activity derived from tree-rings: the Tieliku Mingsui Landslide, Northern Taiwan. Journal of Chinese Soil and Water Conservation, 45(1), pp. 36-48.

  • Esterline, A., Wright, W., & Chenou, J. (2014). Weather-monitoring sensor web for supporting situation awareness. 2014 IEEE International Inter-Disciplinary Conference on Cognitive Methods in Situation Awareness and Decision Support, CogSIMA 2014, pp. 110-116. doi: 10.1109/CogSIMA.2014.6816549

  • Wright, W.G. (2014). Using virtual reality to augment perception, enhance sensorimotor adaptation, and change our minds. Front Syst Neurosci, 8, p. 56. Switzerland. doi: 10.3389/fnsys.2014.00056

  • Haran, F.J., Tierney, R., Wright, W.G., Keshner, E., & Silter, M. (2013). Acute changes in postural control after soccer heading. Int J Sports Med, 34(4), pp. 350-354. Germany. doi: 10.1055/s-0032-1304647

  • Wright, W.G., Agah, M.R., Darvish, K., & Keshner, E.A. (2013). Head stabilization shows visual and inertial dependence during passive stimulation: implications for virtual rehabilitation. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng, 21(2), pp. 191-197. United States. doi: 10.1109/TNSRE.2012.2237040

  • Ivanenko, Y.P., Wright, W.G., George, R.J.S.t., & Gurfinkel, V.S. (2013). Trunk orientation, stability, and quadrupedalism. Front Neurol, 4, p. 20. Switzerland. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2013.00020

  • Wright, W.G. (2013). Using virtual reality to induce cross-axis adaptation of postural control: Implications for rehabilitation. 2013 International Conference on Virtual Rehabilitation, ICVR 2013, pp. 289-294. doi: 10.1109/ICVR.2013.6662095

  • Weiss, P.L., Deutsch, J.E., & Wright, W.G. (2013). Message from the program co-chairs. 2013 International Conference on Virtual Rehabilitation, ICVR 2013. doi: 10.1109/ICVR.2013.6662062

  • Esterline, A., Banda, S., Wright, W., & Krishnamurthy, K. (2012). A system for shared battlefield situation awareness exploiting common knowledge and theory of mind. 2012 IEEE International Multi-Disciplinary Conference on Cognitive Methods in Situation Awareness and Decision Support, CogSIMA 2012, pp. 251-258. doi: 10.1109/CogSIMA.2012.6188393

  • Wright, W.G., Ivanenko, Y.P., & Gurfinkel, V.S. (2012). Foot anatomy specialization for postural sensation and control. J Neurophysiol, 107(5), pp. 1513-1521. United States. doi: 10.1152/jn.00256.2011

  • Wright, W.G., Agah, M., Darvish, K., & Keshner, E.A. (2011). Head stabilization shows multisensory dependence on spatiotemporal characteristics of visual and inertial passive stimulation. 2011 International Conference on Virtual Rehabilitation, ICVR 2011. doi: 10.1109/ICVR.2011.5971869

  • Wright, W.G. (2011). Tonic postural lean after-effects influenced by support surface stability and dynamics. Hum Mov Sci, 30(2), pp. 238-248. Netherlands. doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2010.05.006

  • FranzĂ©n, E., Gurfinkel, V.S., Wright, W.G., Cordo, P.J., & Horak, F.B. (2011). Haptic touch reduces sway by increasing axial tone. Neuroscience, 174, pp. 216-223. United States. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2010.11.017

  • Esterline, A., Wright, W., & Banda, S. (2011). A system integrating agent services with JMS for shared battlefield situation awareness. Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing, 101, pp. 81-88. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-23163-6_12

  • Esterline, A., Wright, W., & Sundaresan, M. (2010). A wireless multiagent architecture for structural health monitoring that incorporates web services. AIAA Infotech at Aerospace 2010.

  • Wright, W.G., Gurfinkel, V.S., King, L.A., Nutt, J.G., Cordo, P.J., & Horak, F.B. (2010). Axial kinesthesia is impaired in Parkinson's disease: effects of levodopa. Exp Neurol, 225(1), pp. 202-209. United States. doi: 10.1016/j.expneurol.2010.06.016

  • Chen, J., Darvish, K., Wright, W.G., & Keshner, E.A. (2010). Multimodal control of orientation in space. ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings, 2, pp. 367-369. doi: 10.1115/IMECE2009-11702

  • Wright, W.G. & Schneider, E. (2009). Manual motor control during "virtual" self-motion: Implications for VR rehabilitation. 2009 Virtual Rehabilitation International Conference, VR 2009, pp. 166-172. doi: 10.1109/ICVR.2009.5174226

  • Fang, K., Gou, X., Chen, F., Peng, J., D'Arrigo, R., Wright, W., & Li, M.H. (2009). Response of regional tree-line forests to climate change: Evidence from the northeastern Tibetan Plateau. Trees - Structure and Function, 23(6), pp. 1321-1329. doi: 10.1007/s00468-009-0373-5

  • Wright, W.G., Schneider, E., & Glasauer, S. (2009). Compensatory manual motor responses while object wielding during combined linear visual and physical roll tilt stimulation. Exp Brain Res, 192(4), pp. 683-694. Germany. doi: 10.1007/s00221-008-1581-8

  • Wright, W.G. (2009). Linear vection in virtual environments can be strengthened by discordant inertial input. Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc, 2009, pp. 1157-1160. United States. doi: 10.1109/IEMBS.2009.5333425

  • Cordo, P., Lutsep, H., Cordo, L., Wright, W.G., Cacciatore, T., & Skoss, R. (2009). Assisted movement with enhanced sensation (AMES): coupling motor and sensory to remediate motor deficits in chronic stroke patients. Neurorehabil Neural Repair, 23(1), pp. 67-77. United States. doi: 10.1177/1545968308317437

  • Wright, W.G., Gurfinkel, V.S., Nutt, J., Horak, F.B., & Cordo, P.J. (2007). Axial hypertonicity in Parkinson's disease: direct measurements of trunk and hip torque. Exp Neurol, 208(1), pp. 38-46. United States. doi: 10.1016/j.expneurol.2007.07.002

  • Wright, W.G. & Horak, F.B. (2007). Interaction of posture and conscious perception of gravitational vertical and surface horizontal. Exp Brain Res, 182(3), pp. 321-332. Germany. doi: 10.1007/s00221-007-0990-4

  • Wright, W.G., Gurfinkel, V., King, L., & Horak, F. (2007). Parkinson's disease shows perceptuomotor asymmetry unrelated to motor symptoms. Neurosci Lett, 417(1), pp. 10-15. Ireland. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2007.02.016

  • Cheng, Z., Buckley, B.M., Katz, B., Wright, W., Bailey, R., Smith, K.T., Li, J., Curtis, A., & Geen, A.v. (2007). Arsenic in tree rings at a highly contaminated site. Sci Total Environ, 376(1-3), pp. 324-334. Netherlands. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.01.074

  • Wright, W. & Moore, D. (2006). Agile language development: The next generation. IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings, 2006.

  • Moore, D., Scherber, D., & Wright, W. (2006). Considerations for a framework to provide enhanced perception of NLOS threats and targets. IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings, 2006.

  • Wright, W.G. & Glasauer, S. (2006). Subjective somatosensory vertical during dynamic tilt is dependent on task, inertial condition, and multisensory concordance. Exp Brain Res, 172(3), pp. 310-321. Germany. doi: 10.1007/s00221-006-0347-4

  • Ivanenko, Y.P., Wright, W.G., Gurfinkel, V.S., Horak, F., & Cordo, P. (2006). Interaction of involuntary post-contraction activity with locomotor movements. Exp Brain Res, 169(2), pp. 255-260. Germany. doi: 10.1007/s00221-005-0324-3

  • Wright, W.G., DiZio, P., & Lackner, J.R. (2006). Perceived self-motion in two visual contexts: dissociable mechanisms underlie perception. J Vestib Res, 16(1-2), pp. 23-28. Netherlands. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/

  • Wright, W.G., DiZio, P., & Lackner, J.R. (2005). Vertical linear self-motion perception during visual and inertial motion: more than weighted summation of sensory inputs. J Vestib Res, 15(4), pp. 185-195. Netherlands. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/

  • Wright, W. & Moore, D. (2004). Instant Messaging a Programmer's Tool? Dr. Dobb's Journal, 29(3), pp. 48-53.

  • Wright, W.G. & Glasauer, S. (2003). Haptic subjective vertical shows context dependence: task and vision play a role during dynamic tilt stimulation. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 1004, pp. 531-535. United States. doi: 10.1196/annals.1303.069

  • Wright, W. (2003). J2ME & embedded systems. Dr. Dobb's Journal, 28(3), pp. 54-58.

  • Moore, D. & Wright, W. (2003). Emergent Behaviours Considered Harmful. Proceedings of the International Conference on Autonomous Agents, 2, pp. 1070-1071. doi: 10.1145/860722.860800

  • Helsinger, A., Lazarus, R., Wright, W., & Zinky, J. (2003). Tools and Techniques for Performance Measurement of Large Distributed Multiagent Systems. Proceedings of the International Conference on Autonomous Agents, 2, pp. 843-850. doi: 10.1145/860710.860711

  • Wright, W., Moore, D., & Thome, M. (2003). Organizational Patterns for Data Management in Large-Scale Distributed Multiagent Systems. Proceedings of the International Conference on Autonomous Agents, 2, pp. 1162-1163. doi: 10.1145/860575.860846

  • Bryant, D.J. & Wright, W.G. (1999). How body asymmetries determine accessibility in spatial frameworks. Q J Exp Psychol A, 52(2), pp. 487-508. England. doi: 10.1080/713755821