Gretchen Snethen

Associate Professor
Health and Rehabilitation Sciences
1700 N. Broad


Gretchen Snethen is an associate professor in the Recreational Therapy program within the department of Rehabilitation Sciences and the assistant director for the NIDILRR funded Temple University Collaborative on Community Inclusion. Her professional experience consists of direct and managerial work with youth and adults with mental illness. Her research focuses on understanding the relationship between environmental factors and community participation; using the community to promote physical activity engagement; and developing interventions that use recreation and leisure as a means to promote independence in the community. In addition to her research, Gretchen remains connected to the recreational therapy profession through her leadership with the American Therapeutic Recreation Association Evidence-Based Practice Taskforce.


  • PhD, Leisure Behavior, Indiana University
  • MS, Recreational Therapy Administration, East Carolina University
  • BA, English, The University of Kansas

Curriculum Vitae 

Courses Taught




RCTH 5204

Recreational Therapy and Assistive Technology


RCTH 5261

Disability Seminar on Developmental Disabilities and Mental Health Conditions


Selected Publications

  • Townley, G., Brusilovskiy, E., Klein, L., McCormick, B., Snethen, G., & Salzer, M.S. (2022). Community Mental Health Center Visits and Community Mobility of People with Serious Mental Illnesses: A Facilitator or Constraint? Community Ment Health J, 58(3), pp. 420-428. United States. doi: 10.1007/s10597-021-00821-w

  • McCormick, B.P., Brusilovskiy, E., Snethen, G., Klein, L., Townley, G., & Salzer, M.S. (2022). "Getting out of the house: The relationship of venturing into the community and neurocognition among adults with serious mental illness": Correction. Psychiatr Rehabil J, 45(1), p. 26. United States. doi: 10.1037/prj0000491

  • Nagata, S., McCormick, B., Brusilovskiy, E., Zisman-Ilani, Y., Wilson, S., Snethen, G., Townley, G., & Salzer, M.S. (2021). Emotional states associated with being in the community and being with others among individuals with serious mental illnesses. Am J Orthopsychiatry, 91(1), pp. 1-8. United States. doi: 10.1037/ort0000516

  • Snethen, G., Jeffries, V., Thomas, E., & Salzer, M. (2021). Welcoming places: Perspectives of individuals with mental illnesses. Am J Orthopsychiatry, 91(1), pp. 76-85. United States. doi: 10.1037/ort0000519

  • Snethen, G., Brusilovskiy, E., McCormick, B.P., Hiremath, S.V., & Salzer, M.S. (2021). The Relationship between Community Participation and Physical Activity among Individuals with Serious Mental Illnesses. Ment Health Phys Act, 20. England. doi: 10.1016/j.mhpa.2021.100381

  • Nagata, S., McCormick, B., Brusilovskiy, E., Snethen, G., Townley, G., & Salzer, M.S. (2021). Depressive symptoms and community participation among individuals with serious mental illnesses. Am J Orthopsychiatry, 91(5), pp. 598-606. United States. doi: 10.1037/ort0000560

  • Brusilovskiy, E., Klein, L.A., Townley, G., Snethen, G., McCormick, B., Hiremath, S.V., & Salzer, M.S. (2020). Examining the relationship between community mobility and participation using GPS and self-report data. Soc Sci Med, 265, p. 113539. England. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113539

  • Thomas, E.C., Snethen, G., O'Shea, A., Suarez, J., Hurford, I., & Salzer, M.S. (2020). An Examination of the Community Participation Interests of Young Adults with Serious Mental Illnesses. J Behav Health Serv Res, 47(4), pp. 526-543. United States. doi: 10.1007/s11414-019-09678-0

  • Fortuna, K.L., Brusilovskiy, E., Snethen, G., Brooks, J.M., Townley, G., & Salzer, M.S. (2020). Loneliness and its association with physical health conditions and psychiatric hospitalizations in people with serious mental illness. Soc Work Ment Health, 18(5), pp. 571-585. England. doi: 10.1080/15332985.2020.1810197

  • Thomas, E.C., Snethen, G., & Salzer, M.S. (2020). Community participation factors and poor neurocognitive functioning among persons with schizophrenia. Am J Orthopsychiatry, 90(1), pp. 90-97. United States. doi: 10.1037/ort0000399

  • Thomas, E.C., Snethen, G., McCormick, B., & Salzer, M.S. (2019). An exploration of linear and curvilinear relationships between community participation and neurocognition among those with serious mental illnesses. Psychiatr Rehabil J, 42(4), pp. 358-365. United States. doi: 10.1037/prj0000364

  • Amiri, A.M., Hiremath, S.V., Salzer, M.S., & Snethen, G. (2019). Predicting physical activity levels in individuals with schizophrenia through integrated global positioning system and accelerometer data. Schizophr Res, 212, pp. 246-248. Netherlands. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2019.07.027

  • Townley, G., Terry, R., Brusilovskiy, E., Snethen, G., & Salzer, M.S. (2019). Associations Between Physical Health Limitations and Community Participation Among People With and Without Serious Mental Illnesses. Psychiatr Serv, 70(8), pp. 689-695. United States. doi: 10.1176/

  • Hiremath, S.V., Amiri, A.M., Thapa-Chhetry, B., Snethen, G., Schmidt-Read, M., Ramos-Lamboy, M., Coffman, D.L., & Intille, S.S. (2019). Mobile health-based physical activity intervention for individuals with spinal cord injury in the community: A pilot study. PLoS One, 14(10), p. e0223762. United States. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223762

  • Hiremath, S.V., Amiri, A.M., Thapa-Chhetry, B., Snethen, G., Schmidt-Read, M., Ramos-Lamboy, M., Coffman, D.L., & Intille, S.S. (2019). Correction: Mobile health-based physical activity intervention for individuals with spinal cord injury in the community: A pilot study. PLoS One, 14(11), p. e0225490. United States. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225490

  • Townley, G., Brusilovskiy, E., Snethen, G., & Salzer, M.S. (2018). Using Geospatial Research Methods to Examine Resource Accessibility and Availability as it Relates to Community Participation of Individuals with Serious Mental Illnesses. Am J Community Psychol, 61(1-2), pp. 47-61. England. doi: 10.1002/ajcp.12216

  • Thomas, E.C., Snethen, G., & Salzer, M.S. (2017). A developmental study of community participation of individuals with serious mental illnesses: Implications for policy and practice. Am J Orthopsychiatry, 87(5), pp. 597-605. United States. doi: 10.1037/ort0000269

  • Pfeiffer, B., Coster, W., Snethen, G., Derstine, M., Piller, A., & Tucker, C. (2017). Caregivers' Perspectives on the Sensory Environment and Participation in Daily Activities of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder. Am J Occup Ther, 71(4), pp. 7104220020p1-7104220028p9. United States. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2017.021360

  • Brusilovskiy, E., Townley, G., Snethen, G., & Salzer, M.S. (2016). Social media use, community participation and psychological well-being among individuals with serious mental illnesses. Computers in Human Behavior, 65, pp. 232-240. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2016.08.036

  • Snethen, G., Bilger, A., Maula, E.C., & Salzer, M.S. (2016). Exploring Personal Medicine as Part of Self-Directed Care: Expanding Perspectives on Medical Necessity. Psychiatr Serv, 67(8), pp. 883-889. United States. doi: 10.1176/

  • Snethen, G. & Zook, P. (2016). Utilizing social media to support community integration. American Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation, 19(2), pp. 160-174. doi: 10.1080/15487768.2016.1171176

  • Snethen, G.A., McCormick, B.P., & Lysaker, P.H. (2014). Physical activity and psychiatric symptoms in adults with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. J Nerv Ment Dis, 202(12), pp. 845-852. United States. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000216

  • McCormick, B.P., Snethen, G., & Lysaker, P.H. (2012). Emotional episodes in the everyday lives of people with schizophrenia: the role of intrinsic motivation and negative symptoms. Schizophr Res, 142(1-3), pp. 46-51. Netherlands. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2012.09.002

  • Snethen, G., McCormick, B.P., & Puymbroeck, M.V. (2012). Community involvement, planning and coping skills: pilot outcomes of a recreational-therapy intervention for adults with schizophrenia. Disabil Rehabil, 34(18), pp. 1575-1584. England. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2011.650315

  • Lysaker, P.H., McCormick, B.P., Snethen, G., Buck, K.D., Hamm, J.A., Grant, M., Nicolò, G., & Dimaggio, G. (2011). Metacognition and social function in schizophrenia: associations of mastery with functional skills competence. Schizophr Res, 131(1-3), pp. 214-218. Netherlands. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2011.06.011

  • Snethen, G. (2010). Preventing female gang involvement: Development of the Joint-Interest Core and Balance Model of Mother/Daughter Leisure Functioning. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 15(1), pp. 42-48. doi: 10.1016/j.avb.2009.07.015

  • Snethen, G. & Puymbroeck, M.V. (2008). Girls and physical aggression: Causes, trends, and intervention guided by Social Learning Theory. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 13(5), pp. 346-354. doi: 10.1016/j.avb.2008.05.003