As the opioid epidemic has widened, some of the most heavily impacted areas have been in rural Appalachia, a region of the country stretching from parts of New York to northern Alabama and Georgia. Opioid use in this region has grown disproportionately, driven in part by the higher prevalence of people using prescription opioids non-medically, the transition from prescription opioids to heroin, and the more recent increased availability of Fentanyl.
Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is a pediatric speech disorder that makes it difficult for kids with normal cognitive and language skills to intelligibly speak the words they want to say. It’s a motor disorder, where speech muscles aren’t weak or paralyzed but the brain can’t properly guide their movements to produce clear speech.
Studies continue to establish the medical benefits of bariatric surgery: Beyond helping persons with clinically severe obesity to lose pounds to look and feel better, bariatric procedures can result in lowered risk of obesity-linked issues including type 2 diabetes, hypertension, heart problems, and premature death.
Successfully easing back into the commotion of everyday life is challenging for people discharged from hospitals. For people with serious mental illness (SMI), like schizophrenia or major depression, the period immediately after discharge can be a high-risk moment for homelessness, unemployment and loneliness. Absence of well-coordinated care after discharge often leads to a return trip to the hospital.
It’s well known that exercise can improve a person’s health: weight management, mood improvement, and heart disease prevention are common outcomes for regular exercise. But though these effects are documented, scientists don’t exactly know how and why regular exercise can produce these outcomes, especially related to heart disease prevention.
Previous research shows that contact from Child Protective Services (CPS) can have significant, long-term implications for children and their parents. Children who are involved with the child welfare system have been shown to face poorer mental health, developmental and social outcomes.
A new project by Gina Tripicchio, assistant professor of Social and Behavioral Sciences, was selected as one of 10 winners in the first phase of the Using Technology to Prevent Childhood Obesity in Low-Income Families and Communities Challenge by the Health Resources and Services Administration's Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB), an agency of the Department of Health and Human Services.
In the United States, adults with a serious mental illness make up a disproportionate number of inmates in prisons. While an estimated 10.4 million American adults have a serious mental illness—4.2 percent of the general population—people with a serious mental illness comprise 16 percent of the prison population.
In an initial meeting with a patient, it can be difficult for oncologists to discern how much the patient knows about their cancer. And the same is true of that patient’s family, who may be present at the appointment.
Students and faculty members in the College of Public Health joined researchers from Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, the University of Pennsylvania, Drexel University and Thomas Jefferson University at the annual Community-Driven Research Day on Tuesday, Dec. 4.