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W. Geoffrey Wright

Dr. W. Geoffrey Wright, PhD Temple University Department of Physical Therapy
W. Geoffrey Wright, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Physical Therapy (Primary)
Department of Bioengineering (Secondary)


3307 North Broad Street
Jones Hall, Room 606
Philadelphia, PA 19140
Office: 215-707-9519
Alternate: 215-204-5152
Fax: 215-707-7500


After receiving a B.S. in Aerospace Engineering from Virginia Tech, Dr. Wright spent 4 years as an officer in the USAF doing satellite engineering and operations. He then redirected his interests from hardware-in-space to humans-in-space in graduate school. His masters research (Experimental Psychology, Northeastern University) and Ph.D. research (Cognitive Neuroscience, Brandeis University) focused on human perception of spatial orientation with support from NASA and the DoD. During his post-doctoral training in Munich, Germany and at Oregon Health and Science University in Portland, OR, he began working with various patient populations, including stroke, Parkinson's disease, vestibular loss, and neuropathy. He has investigated motor control, gait and balance, and perceptuo-motor disorders in both healthy and neurologically impaired individuals.

Dr. Wright's research goals at Temple are to continue studying the central nervous system in individuals with impairment to motor control, balance, and gait, with the intention of applying knowledge about sensorimotor integration to shaping rehabilitation therapy. He is currently funded by the Congressionally Directed Medical Research Program (US Army Rapid Innovation Fund) to validate a device his team designed for assessing postural deficits in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) using virtual environments (VE) to manipulate visual input. He is also continuing research that has been funded by the Veterans Administration to investigate the neuromuscular origins of hypertonia in Parkinson's Disease using postural control and functional MRI prodecures.

Course Involvement

Neuroscience (Course Director)

Critical Inquiry I and II (Course Director)

Clinical Research Elective

Movement Science II

Human Movement Science Seminar: Cognition and Motor Learning (PhD)

Human Movement Science Seminar: Neural Factors (PhD)

Gross Anatomy


Wright WG (2014). Using virtual reality to augment perception, enhance sensorimotor adaptation, and change our minds. Front Syst Neurosci. 8:56. eCollection.

Wright WG, Creem-Regehr SH, Warren WH, Anson E, Jeka J, Keshner EA (2013). Sensorimotor Recalibration in Virtual Environments. In Virtual Reality for Physical and Motor Rehabilitation (PL Weiss, EA Keshner, M Levin, Eds.). New York, NY: Springer.

Wright WG (2013) Using virtual reality to induce cross-axis adaptation of postural control: Implications for rehabilitation, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Proceedings of the International Conference for Virtual Rehabilitation (ICVR 2013).

Ivanenko YP, Wright WG, St George RJ and Gurfinkel VS (2013) Trunk orientation, stability, and quadrupedalism. Front. Neurol. 4:20.

Wright WG, Agah M, Darvish K, Keshner EA (2013). Head stabilization shows multisensory dependence on spatiotemporal characteristics of visual and inertial passive stimulation. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 21(2):191-7.

Haran FJ, Tierney RT, Wright WG, Keshner EA, Sitler MR (2013). Acute postural control changes after soccer heading. Int J Sports Med. 34(4):350-4.

Wright WG, Ivanenko YP, Gurfinkel VS (2012). Foot anatomy specialization for postural sensation and control. J Neurophys. 107:1513-21.

Wright WG (2011) Tonic postural lean after-effects influenced by support surface dynamics. Hum Mov Sci. 30(2):238-48.

Franzén E, Gurfinkel VS, Wright WG, Cordo PJ, Horak FB (2011). Haptic touch reduces sway by increasing axial tone. Neuroscience, 174: 216-23.

Agah M, Darvish K, Wright WG, Keshner EA (2011). Dependency of spatiotemporal characteristics of head stabilization on visual and inertial stimulation. Proc Am Soc Biomech

Wright WG, Gurfinkel VS, King LA, Nutt J, Cordo PJ, Horak F (2010). Axial kinesthesia in Parkinson's disease: Effects of levodopa. Exp Neurol. 225(1):202-209.

Wright WG, Schneider E (2009), Manual motor control during “virtual” self-motion: Implications for VR rehabilitation, IEEE Proc ICVR2009, pp.166-172.

Wright WG (2009), Linear vection in virtual environments can be strengthened by discordant inertial input, IEEE Proc Eng Med Biol Soc, pp.1157-1160.

Wright WG, Schneider E, Glasauer S (2009). Compensatory motor responses of object-wielding during combined linear visual and physical roll tilt stimulation, Exp Brain Res. 192:683-694.

Cordo PJ , Lutsep, H, Cordo L, Wright WG, Cacciatore TC, Skoss R (2009). Assisted Movement with Enhanced Sensation (AMES): Coupling Motor and Sensory to Remediate Motor Deficits in Chronic Stroke Patients, Neurorehabil Neural Repair, 23(1):67-77.

Wright WG, Gurfinkel VS, Nutt J, Horak F, Cordo PJ (2007). Axial hypertonicity in Parkinson's disease: Direct measurements of trunk and hip torque. Exp Neurol. 208(1):38-46.

Wright WG, Horak F (2007). Interaction of posture and conscious perception of gravitational vertical and surface horizontal. Exp Brain Res. 182(3):321-32.

Wright WG, Gurfinkel VS, King L, Horak F (2007). Parkinson’s disease shows perceptuomotor asymmetry unrelated to motor symptoms. Neurosci Lett 417(1):10-15.

Wright WG, DiZio P, Lackner JR (2006). Apparent self-motion in two visual contexts: Dissociable mechanisms underlie perception. J Vest Res 16:23-28.

Wright WG, Glasauer S (2006) Subjective somatosensory vertical during dynamic tilt is dependent on task, inertial condition, and multisensory concordance. Exp Brain Res 172(3): 310-321.

Ivanenko YP, Wright WG, Gurfinkel VS, Horak FB, Cordo PJ (2006) Interaction of involuntary post-contraction activity with locomotor movements. Exp Brain Res 169(2):255-60.

Wright WG, Horak F (2005). Perception of verticality during dynamic postural tasks. Gait and Posture 21(Supp.1) S57.

Wright WG, DiZio P, Lackner JR. (2005) Vertical linear self-motion perception during virtual visual and inertial stimulation: More than weighted summation of sensory inputs. J Vest Res 15(4): 185-195.

Wright WG, Glasauer S (2003). Haptic subjective vertical shows context dependence: Task and vision play a role during dynamic tilt stimulation. Ann NY Acad Sci. 1004: 531-5.

Bryant DJ, Wright WG (1999). How body asymmetries determine accessibility in spatial frameworks. Q J Exp Psych, 52 (2):487-508.

Grants & Contracts

Congressionally Directed Medical Research Program (US Army Rapid Innovation Fund) - to validate postural assessment virtual reality device on a mild traumatic brain injury population

NSF(HCC) - Student Incentives for Interdisciplinary Training (Conference Grant - International Conference for Virtual Rehabilitation) 

VAMC Stars and Stripes Seed Grant - Tonic Neuromuscular Processes in Healthy Elderly and Parkinson's Disease

Faculty Senate Seed Grant - Visual Vestibular Processing in Virtual Reality

CPH Research Seed Grant – Using electromyography (EMG), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to understand the role of tonic neuromuscular processing in aging and Parkinson's disease


Dr. Wright's research goals at Temple are to continue studying the central nervous system in individuals with impairment to motor control, balance, and gait, with the intention of applying knowledge about sensorimotor integration in the central nervous system to shaping rehabilitation therapy. Specifically, one line of research involves the work he has done using virtual environments (VE) to manipulate visual input. By applying VE techniques for assessment and rehabilitation, he hopes to establish innovative ways to benefit individuals with neuromotor impairment. Dr. Wright has also been investigating tonic neuromuscular processing in aging and Parkinson Disease populations using a number of imaging techniques (fMRI and DTI) in addition nonlinear analysis of postural control and surface EMG.